Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in the Qur’an:
“And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance”
(Surah al-Ahzaab, 33:33)
The word Tabarruj comes from the following verse of the Quran, which could be translated as:
“This (ayah) means: Do not go out whilst you are beautified or perfumed, as the women of the Days of Ignorance used to do since they did not have any knowledge or religious characteristics.” [Tafseer Ibn Sa’dee, volume 6, no.107]
“Tabarruj is when a woman puts a Khimaar on her head but does not fasten it properly so her necklaces, earrings and neck, and all of that can be seen. As a result of this, these are all exposed from her. This is Tabarruj.” [Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Katheer, volume 3, page 94]
Ibn Katheer (rahimahullaah) said: Mujahid said: “A woman would go out and walk amongst men (i.e intermingling). This was the Tabarruj of the Day of ignorance. [Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Katheer, volume 3, page 94]
“The women would walk out, swaggering and flirting (with men) so Allah forbade them from doing that.” Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Katheer, volume 3, page 94]
Imam Al-Qurtubee (rahimahullaah) said: “From the ways of Tabarruj is that a woman wears two transparent or tight garments that describe her body” [Tafseer Al-Qurtubee, volume 12, page 310]
Islam requires both women and men to dress simply, modestly, and with dignity. One should not dress in a way to draw the attention of others to their physical features. Islam has forbidden wearing clothing that attracts the attention of the general public, making its wearer known for it because of the type of fabric, its color, model.
Muslim women are not permitted to wear tight and revealing clothing, especially clothing showing the details of their bodies. The clothing should cover their hair and entire body except for the hands and face. It is also forbidden for women to wear strong perfume, heavy make-up, or such jewelry in public that makes a jingle noise with movement and attracts the attention of others, especially strange men.