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Day of Judgement
Divine Decree

Qadr: Divine Decree

In Islam, the concept of divine decree, known as “Qadr” or “Qada’ wa Qadr,” encompasses the belief in Allah’s comprehensive and preordained plan for the universe and all of creation. Muslims believe that Allah, as the Creator and Sustainer of the universe, has complete knowledge and control over all things, including events, outcomes, and the destiny of every individual.

Here are key beliefs about divine decree in Islam:

  1. Belief in Divine Sovereignty: Muslims believe that Allah is the ultimate authority and sovereign ruler over the universe. He has absolute power and control over all aspects of creation, including the heavens, the earth, and everything therein.

  2. Comprehensive Knowledge: Allah possesses perfect knowledge of the past, present, and future. He knows all things, including what has occurred, what is happening now, and what will happen in the future. His knowledge is complete, encompassing every detail and aspect of existence.

  3. Divine Will and Decree: Muslims believe that Allah’s will is supreme and that everything that occurs in the universe happens according to His divine decree. Nothing can happen without His permission, and His decree encompasses both good and evil, hardship and ease, success and failure.

  4. Human Free Will: Despite the belief in divine decree, Islam also affirms the concept of human free will and moral responsibility. While Allah has decreed all things, He has also granted human beings the ability to make choices and decisions within the framework of His divine plan.

  5. Submission and Acceptance: Muslims are taught to submit to Allah’s decree with humility, trust, and acceptance, recognizing that His wisdom surpasses human understanding. They believe that everything that occurs is part of Allah’s divine plan, and they strive to respond with patience, gratitude, and reliance on Him.

  6. Tests and Trials: Muslims understand that tests, trials, and challenges are part of Allah’s decree and serve as opportunities for spiritual growth, purification, and redemption. They believe that difficulties and hardships can be a means of drawing closer to Allah and attaining His mercy and forgiveness.

  7. Prayer and Supplication: While Muslims believe in divine decree, they are also encouraged to pray, supplicate, and seek Allah’s guidance and assistance in all matters. They believe that prayer is a means of invoking Allah’s mercy and blessings and seeking His favor and protection.

  8. Hope and Trust: Despite the challenges and uncertainties of life, Muslims maintain hope and trust in Allah’s mercy, wisdom, and justice. They believe that ultimately, everything that occurs is part of His divine plan, and they place their trust in His promise of guidance, support, and reward in this life and the Hereafter.

In summary, the belief in divine decree is a foundational aspect of Islamic theology, emphasizing Allah’s sovereignty, knowledge, and control over the universe. It serves as a source of comfort, guidance, and reassurance for Muslims, inspiring them to trust in Allah’s wisdom and submit to His will with humility and faith.

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Destiny and Free Will

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